glossary

1) Arguement: A set of reasons given in support of a conclusion.

2)Validity:The conclusion necessarily follows from the premises. If all premises are true then conclusion must be true.

3)Soundness: Vaid with true premises.

4)Conclusion: The claim intended to be supported by the argument is called the conclusion of the arguement.

5)Premises: The claims given as reasons for thinking the conclusions of the arguement is true is called the arguement.

6)Inductive Arguement: May be strong or weak, not valid or sound.

7)Deductive Arguement: Goes from general to particular.

8)Ad Populum: The number of people who believe a claim is irrelevant to its truth.

9)Ad Hominem: Arguement or reaction directed against a person rather than the position they are maintaining.

10)Complex Question: Assuming guilt,heavily offensive questions.

11)Begging the question: Circular Reasoning.

12)Epistemology: Study and theory of knowledge.

13)Knowledge: Facts,information,and skills acquired by a person through experience or education.

14)Disjunction: Logic the relationship between two distinct alternatives.

15)Preponderant: Predominant in influence,number,or importance .

16)Metaphysics: Theory of Reality

17)Aesthetics: Philosophy of art and beauty.

18)Techné: Principles or methods employed in making something or attaining an object.

19)Platonism: All art is morally suspect.

20)Utopianism: All art is uplifting.

21)Autonomism: Artistic and moral realms are separate.

22)Descriptive: just a raise of art not as exciting.

23)Evaluative: praising something that has been raised to a level of art.

24)Foundationalism: establishing a base of certainty that can support  the entire system of knowledge.

25)Methodological doubt: doubt any proposition if there is the slightest reason to do so.

26)Rationalism: knowledge comes from logic and reasoning.

27)Empiricism: we can only know things through our senses.

28)Resemblance: our present thoughts resemble our memory of past experiences.

29) Cause and Effect: concern for the future and nostalgia regret for past . To suppose a connection between a past and future.

30) Determinism: Every event there exist conditions that could cause no other event.

31) Hard determinism:  The view that first, determininsm is true, and the second, this shows that freedom is an illusion , here is a basic argument.

32) Two kings of determinism: determinism rules out our experience of free will is an illusion.

33) Soft determinism: free will and determinism are compatible with each other so both can be true.

34) Anguish: Several mental or physical pain or suffering.